Milan Document on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation

On 29 January 2010 Pugwash held a consultation on issues to be face in the upcoming NPT Review Conference. The meeting involved more than 40 participants from 13 countries, including former defense and foreign ministers, current and former international disarmament diplomats and other scientific and policy experts.

Milan Document English

Milan Document (Farsi)

Milan Document (Arabic)

While this document represents fairly the discussions held, it is the sole responsibility of Pugwash Secretary General Paolo Cotta-Ramusino and Pugwash President Jayantha Dhanapala

Participant List


Amb. Wa’el N. Al-Assad (Jordan), Director, Disarmament & Multilateral Relations Department, League of Arab States, Cairo, Egypt

Amb. Sergey Batsanov, Director, Geneva Office, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; Member, Pugwash Council; Member, International Advisory Board, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) [formerly: Director, Special Projects, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands; Director for External Relations, OPCW Preparatory Commission (1993-97); Representative of the USSR/Russian Federation to the Conference on Disarmament, Geneva (1989-93)]

Dr. Hans Blix, former Head of the Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction;  former Head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (March 2000-June 2003); former Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (1981-1997); former Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs (1978-79)

Dr. Chiara Bonaiuti, Defense Economics, Istituto di Richerche Economiche e Sociali (IRES)

 Dr. Jeffrey Boutwell, Executive Director, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Washington, DC, USA; Member, Pugwash Council [formerly: Associate Executive Officer, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge; Staff Aide, National Security Council, Washington, DC]

The Rt. Hon. Des Browne MP, Member of Parliament for Kilmarnock and Loudoun, UK [Concurrent position: Convener, Top Level Group of UK Parliamentarians for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament & Non-Proliferation, Special Envoy to Sri Lanka, Member of Privy Council.  Formerly: Secretary of State for Defence (2006 – 2008), Secretary of State for Scotland (2007-2008), and other ministerial roles]

Mrs. Sandra Ionno Butcher, Senior Program Coordinator, International Secretariat, Pugwash Conferences, UK; Director, Pugwash History Project; Honorary Research Associate, Science and Technology Studies Department, University College London [formerly, Joint Executive Secretary, British Pugwash Group, Executive Director, Student Pugwash USA, Interim Research Director and Senior Analyst, British American Security Information Council]

Prof. Francesco Calogero, Member, Pugwash Council; Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy [formerly: Secretary-General (1989-97), Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; Member (1982-92), Governing Board, SIPRI]

Dr. Paola Ceragioli

Dr. Emilio Ciarlo, Head, Legal Section, Foreign Affairs Committee, Partito Democratico, Italian Parliament, Rome, Italy

Prof. Paolo Cotta-Ramusino, Secretary-General, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; Member, Pugwash Executive Committee; Professor of Mathematical Physics, University of Milan, Italy [formerly: Secretary General, Union of Italian Scientists for Disarmament (USPID); Director, Program on Disarmament and International  Security, Landau Network – Centro Volta, Como, Italy]

Dr. Marco De Andreis, Director, Economic and Fiscal Studies, Italy’s Customs Agency, Rome

Amb. Jayantha Dhanapala (Sri Lanka), President, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and former Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs at the United Nations (1998-2003); former Ambassador of Sri Lanka to the US (1995-97) and to the UN Office in Geneva (1984-87)..  He is currently a member of the Governing Board of SIPRI, and several other advisory boards of international bodies.  He has also been a member of both the Canberra Commission (1996) and the WMD Commission (2006).

Amb. Sergio Duarte (Brazil), UN High Representative for Disarmament, New York, NY; President of the 2005 VII Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, in New York

Prof. John Finney, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University College London and the London Centre for Nanotechnology; Chairman, British Pugwash Group; Chair, WMD Awareness Programme; Chair, Nuclear Weapons Policy Liaison Group [formerly: Professor of Crystallography at Birkbeck College in London; Chief Scientist, ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK; Science Coordinator, European Spallation Source Project; Vice-President of Euroscience] 

Dr. Matteo Gerlini, Research Fellow, University of Florence, Department of Studies on the State, Italy

Dr. Venance Journé, Researcher, National Scientific Research Council (CNRS), Paris, France; [formerly: Member, Pugwash Executive Committee]

Mr. Sverre Lodgaard, Member, Pugwash Executive Committee; Researcher (and former Director 1997-2007), Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo [formerly: Director (1992-1996), United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva; Director (1987-1992), International Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO)] 

Prof. Saideh Lotfian, Chair, Pugwash Council; Associate Professor of Political Science, and Associate Dean for Research, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Iran [formerly: Deputy Director, Center for Middle East Strategic Studies; Visiting Iranian Fellow, Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, St. Anthony’s College, Oxford University, UK; Director, Middle East Program, Center for Strategic Research; Guest Researcher, military technology project, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute; Assistant Professor of Political Science, Boston University, TCU, Univ. of Iowa]


Dr. Maurizio Martellini, Secretary General, Landau Network – Centro Volta, Como, Italy; Professor of Physics, Università dell’Insubria

Dr. Steven Miller, Director, International Security Program, Center for Science & International Affairs (CSIA), Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Editor-in-Chief, International Security; Member, Pugwash Council; Co-Chair, U.S. Pugwash Group [formerly: Senior Research Fellow, SIPRI; Assistant Professor, Defence and Arms Control Studies, MIT]

Federica On. Mogherini Rebesani, Member of the Italian Parliament

Prof. Dr. Götz Neuneck, Physicist, and Member, Pugwash Council; Deputy Director and Head of the “Interdisciplinary Research Group Disarmament, Arms Control and New Technologies”, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy (IFSH), Hamburg, Germany; Member, Council of the German Physical Society (DPG) and Chairman of their Working Group “Physics and Disarmament” in the Deutsche Physikalische Gesselschaft

Dr. Alexander Nikitin, Member, Pugwash Council; Director, Center for Political and International Studies (CPIS), Moscow; Vice-Chairman, Russian Pugwash Committee of Scientists for Disarmament and International Security; Professor, Moscow State Institute for International Relations; President, Russian Political Science Association; Director, Center for Euro-Atlantic Security of MGIMO University; Board Member, Russian Academy of Political Sciences

Prof. Marco Pedrazzi, Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Political Sciences, Milan University, Italy

Prof. Maurizio Scaini, Docente di Geopolitica, Corso di laurea in Scienze Internazionali e Diplomatiche, Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Università di Trieste, Sede di Gorizia

Prof. Carlo Schaerf, Professor of Physics, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy; Founder in 1966 (with Prof. Edoardo Amaldi) of The International School on Disarmament and Research on Conflicts (ISODARCO), and currently its Director and Chairman of the Board

Mr. Nikolai von Schoepff, Head of Division, Nuclear Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Federal Foreign Office, Berlin, Germany

Amb. Mohamed Shaker, Chairman, Egyptian Pugwash Group, and Vice Chairman, Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs (ECFA), Cairo [formerly: Ambassador to the UN (New York), Vienna (IAEA) and London]

Amb. Tibor Toth, Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Vienna, Austria

Amb. Carlo Trezza, Chairman of the Advisory Board of the UN Secretary General for Disarmament Matters (2010) ; Currently Co-Director and Diplomatic Advisor to CASD (Italian Center for High Defense Studies); Diplomatic Advisor to the Italian Minister of Defense. Rome (2008); President of the Conference on Disarmament (2003)

Prof. Mario Vadacchino, Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Polititecnico di Torino, Italy

Mr. Franco Zallio, Senior consultant (Middle East & North Africa, Russia) [Director, Global Watch; ISPI-Italian Institute for International Political Studies, Milan]


Mr. Riccardo Alcaro, Research Fellow, Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Rome, Italy

Dr. Anna Giulia Micara, Adjunct Professor of International Law, European Law and International Trade Law,  University of Milan Claudia Nannini, PhD Candidate in International Law, University of Milan

dott. Andrea Spagnolo, PhD Candidate in International Law, University of Milano, Italy Sara Gradilone, PhD Candidate in International Law, University of Milano, Italy

Mr. Andrea Carati, Research Fellow, Security and Strategic Studies, Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI), Milan, Italy

Mr. Simone Comi, Research Assistant, Security and Strategic Studies, Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI), Milan, Italy


Claudia Vaughn, Program Coordinator, Rome Pugwash Office


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