This page is maintained by Sandra Ionno Butcher. It provides suggested additional reading about the Pugwash history. Please check back, as this page will be updated periodically. Please email sibutcher (at) earthlink.net if you would like to share additional resources related to Pugwash history or if you would like more information about a specific topic (this page is not a comprehensive listing). A few items of particular interest are indicated with a triple asterisk (***).
Aubrac, Raymond. Où la mémoire s’attarde. Paris: Éditions Odile Jacob, 2000. Contains information about the Pugwash backchannel during the Vietnam War.
Brown, Andrew. Keeper of the Nuclear Conscience: The Life and Work of Joseph Rotblat. Oxford University Press, 2012.
Bruce, Maxwell and Tom Milne, eds. Ending War: The Force of Reason, Essays in Honour of Joseph Rotblat, NL, FRS. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, et. al. “Eugene Rabinowitch: 1901-1973.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 24, no. 6 (June 1973): 3-12.
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, et. al. “Remembering Bernie.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Vol. 49, No. 4, May 1993, pp. 13 – 17.
Canberra Commission. Report of the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. Canberra, Australia: National Capital Printers, 1996.
Compton, Arthur H. et. al. Declaration issued July 15, 1955. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 11 (September 1955): 236-7
***Eaton, Anne. “Dear Judge.” Letter dated July 12, 1957. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 34, no. 4 (April 1978): 37-40. (Note: at the time of the writing, Anne Eaton was still Anne [Jones], the letter is to her father, and it stands as one of the most vivid descriptions of the atmosphere of the first Pugwash Conference that is available.)
***Evangelista, Matthew. Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1999. This is one of the most comprehensive looks at the role of Pugwash during the Cold War, and explores ways in which Pugwash was an innovative “transnational” organization.
Feld, Bernard T. “Lev A. Artsimovich: In Memoriam.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 29, no. 4 (April 1973): 43.
Fermi, Laura. Atoms in the Family: My Life With Enrico Fermi, Architect of the Atomic Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954.
Goldsmith, Maurice. Frédéric Joliot-Curie: A Biography. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1976. Joliot-Curie was essential to the addition of a call for a conference of scientists being included in the Russell-Einstein Manifesto.
Griffin, Nicholas, ed. The Selected Letters of Bertrand Russell: The Public Years, 1914-1970. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Hawkins, Helen S., G. Allen Greb, and Gertrud Weiss Szilard. Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1987.
Holdren, John. “Arms Limitation and Peace Building in the Post-Cold-War World.” Nobel Lecture. December 10, 1995. Stockholm: The Nobel Foundation, 1995.
———. “Past, Present, and Future of Pugwash.” In Remember Your Humanity: Proceedings of the 47th Pugwash Conference. World Scientific, 1999, 215-218.
Kaplan, Martin. “Pugwash promoted nonoffensive defense.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 45, no. 8 (October 1989): 43.
Kaplan, Martin. “Retrospective: The Efforts of WHO and Pugwash to Eliminate Chemical and Biological Weapons—A Memoir.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 77, no. 2 (1999): 149-155.
Kreisler, Harry. “A Life in Public Service: Conversation with Robert McNamara.” April 16, 1996. Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley. Video available.
Kreisler, Harry, with John Holdren. “The Nuclear Arms Race: Interview with Herbert York.” April 26, 1982. Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley.
Kreisler, Harry. “Reminiscences from a Career in Science, National Security, and the University. Interview with Herbert York.” February 6, 1988. Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley. Video or Transcript.
Kubbig, Bernd W. “Communicators in the Cold War: The Pugwash Conferences, the US-Soviet Study Group and the ABM Treaty. Natural Scientists as Political Actors: Historical Successes and Lessons for the Future.” Trans. Gerard Holden. PRIF Reports 44. Frankfurt: Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, 1996.
***Landau, Susan. “Joseph Rotblat: The Road Less Traveled.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 52, no. 1 (January/February 1996), pp 46-54.
Lanouette, William with Bela Silard. Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, The Man Behind the Bomb. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992 and Skyhorse Publishing, 2013.
Laurence, William L. “The H-Bomb Danger: An Analysis of Scientists’ Warning Finds It Is Old and Omits Much.” New York Times, 10 July 1955, 24.
Lenz, John R. “Pugwash and Russell’s Legacy.” The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly, no. 89 (February 1996), 18-24.
Marseille, Walter W. “Not War, Not Peace: The Case Against Pugwash.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (April 1958): 140-143, 159.
***McNamara, Robert S., James Blight, Robert Brigham, Thomas Biersteker, and Col. Herbert Schandler. Argument Without End: In Search of Answers to the Vietnam Tragedy. New York: Public Affairs, 1999. This is an excellent book, both as an analysis of Track Two diplomacy and also as insight into the Pugwash back channel during the Vietnam War, code-named PENNSYLVANIA.
McPhee, John. The Curve of Binding Energy. New York, Noonday Press, 1994. This is a very readable book about Ted Taylor, a Pugwashite who was fascinated by explosions even as a young kid. Be sure to read the section about him smoking a cigarette he lit with his own nuclear explosion!
Moore, Mike. “Forty Years of Pugwash.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 53, no. 7, (November/December 1997).
***Nathan, Otto and Heinz Norden, eds. Einstein on Peace. New York: Avenel Books, 1981. This contains detailed information about Einstein’s signing with the Russell-Einstein manifesto – be sure to check out the footnotes for greater detail.
National Security Archive. Interview with Joseph Rotblat. November 15, 1998.
Norwegian Nobel Committee. “The Nobel Prize for 1995.” Press Release. October 1995.
Peierls, Rudolph. Bird of Passage: Recollections of a Physicist. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Primack, Joel and Frank von Hippel. Advice and Dissent: Scientists in the Political Arena. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1974.
———. “Pugwash—Coswa: International Conversations.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 19, no. 6 (June 1963): 7-12.
———. “Pugwash—History and Outlook.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 13 (September 1957): 243-248.
———. “The Third Pugwash Conference.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (November 1958): 338-340.
***Robinson, Julian Perry. “The Impact of Pugwash on the Debates Over Chemical and Biological Weapons.” In Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Roles of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord, edited by Allison L.C. de Cerreno and Alexander Kenyan. Annals of National Academies of Science 866 (1998).
———. “Bertrand Russell and the Pugwash Movement: Personal Reminiscences of Joseph Rotblat.” Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 18, no. 1 (Summer 1998). Reprinted in The ACTivist Magazine 14, no. 5 (September/October 1998).
———. “Cyrus Eaton—An Appreciation.” Pugwash Newsletter 17, nos. 1 & 2 (July & October 1979): 51-2.
***———. “The Early Days of Pugwash.” Physics Today 54, issue 6 (June 2001).
———. “Fifty Pugwash Conferences: A Tribute to Eugene Rabinowitch.” 50th Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs. August 8, 2000.
———. “The Nuclear Age—A Curse and a Challenge: The Role of Scientists.” The Third Dag Hammarskjöld Lecture, Uppsala University, May 16, 2001. Uppsala, Sweden: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, 2001.
———. “Nuclear Weapons in War.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (January 1958): 57-8.
———, ed. Nuclear Weapons: The Road to Zero. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1998.
——— ed. Proceedings of the First Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs. Pugwash Council, 1982.
———. “Professor H. Yukawa—An Appreciation.” Pugwash Newsletter 19, no. 2 (October 1981): 94.
———. Pugwash—The First Ten Years: History of the Conferences of Science and World Affairs. New York: Humanities Press, 1967.
———. Pugwash: A History of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 1967.
———. “Pugwash and the Nuclear Issue.” March 25-27, 2001. Accessed June 4, 2001 at http://www.pugwash.org/reports/nw/nw13d.htm.
———. Pugwash—The First Ten Years: History of the Conferences of Science and World Affairs. New York: Humanities Press, 1968.
———. “Remember Your Humanity.” Nobel Lecture, December 10, 1995. Stockholm, The Nobel Foundation, 1995.
———. “Reminiscences on the 40th Anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto.” Pugwash Newsletter (July/October 1995), 48-52.
———. “Reunion in Pugwash, 2003.” Address delivered July 20, 2003 at Thinker’s Lodge, Pugwash, Nova Scotia.
***———. Scientists in the Quest for Peace: A History of the Pugwash Conferences. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1972.
———, ed. Scientists, The Arms Race and Disarmament: A Unesco/Pugwash Symposium. London: Taylor & Frances Ltd, 1982.
Russell, Bertrand. The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, 1944-1969. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1969.
———. “An Answer to Mr. Marseille: The Case for Pugwash.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (April 1958): 144-146.
———. “The Bomb and Civilization,” The Glasgow Forward 39, no. 33 (August 1945). In Kenneth Blackwell. Bertrand Russell: His Works. Volume 22: Civilization and the Bomb, 1944-47.
———, et. al. “Scientists Appeal for the Abolition of War.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 11 (September 1955): 236-237.
———. “World Conference of Scientists.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 12 (February 1956): 41-43.
———. “A War-Free World: Is it Desirable? Is it Feasible?” Speech, Imperial War Museum
11 November 2002.
Sawada, Shoji. “The Influence of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Scientists in Japan.” INESAP Information Bulletin 22 (December 2003). International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation.
Schweitzer, Albert. “The Scientists Must Speak Up.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10 (November 1954): 339.
Science Council of Japan. “Statement from the Council in commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 36, no. 8 (October 1980): 59.
Shveitser, Alexander D. An Interpreter Remembers. Trans. by the author from the Russian: A.D. Shveitser, Glazami Perevodchika, Moscow: Stella, 1996. Accessed June 9, 2003 at http://www.casanova.org/memoir.
***Spencer, Metta. “‘Political’ Scientists.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 51, no. 4 (July/August 1995): 62-68.
***Steinberger, Jack, Bhalchandra Udgaonkar and Joseph Rotblat, eds. A Nuclear-Weapon-Free World: Desirable? Feasible? Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993. This book was a seminal work that led to the Canberra Commission.
Szilard, Leo. “The First Step to Peace.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 11 (March 1955): 104.
Ténière-Buchot, Pierre-Frédéric. “Pugwash, une approche écologique de la guerre et de la paix.” Le Courier de l’environnement, no. 19 (May 1993).
Thirring, Hans. “Comments on Pugwash: From the West.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (March 1958): 121-122.
Thorin, Duane. The Pugwash Movement and U.S. Arms Policy. New York: Monte Cristo Press, 1965.
Tomonaga, Sin-Itiro and Hideki Yukawa. “Beyond nuclear deterrence.” September 1, 1975 statement presented at a Pugwash symposium on the twentieth anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto. In Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 31, no. 10 (December 1975): 9.
Topchiev, A.V. “Comments on Pugwash: From the East. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 14 (March 1958): 118-120.
Udgaonkar, Bhalchandra M. “Pugwash At Forty: Some Thoughts on the Unfinished Agenda.” Background Document (BPL3.UDG), 47th Conference on Science and World Affairs. Lillehammer, Norway, August 1-7, 1997.
US Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. The Pugwash Conferences, A Staff Analysis. 87th Congress, 1st Session. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1961.
-—— Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. The Pugwash Conferences Revisited; The Pugwash Movement Viewed as of October 1964, A Staff Analysis. 88th Congress, 2nd Session. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1964.
Pennsylvania and Overtures to the Enemy, September to October, Department of State. Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume V, Vietnam 1967. Released by the Office of the Historian, Documents 306-334.
——— Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume V, Vietnam 1967. Released by the Office of the Historian, Documents 356-373.
Weisskopf, Victor. The Joy of Insight: Passions of a Physicist. Basic Books: 1991.
White, Michael and John Gribbin. Einstein: A Life in Science. New York: A Dutton Book, 1994.
Wittner, Lawrence S. The Struggle Against the Bomb. Volume Two. Resisting the Bomb: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, 1954-1970.Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1993.
———. The Struggle Against the Bomb. Volume Three. Toward Nuclear Abolition: A History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement, 1971 to the Present. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2003.
York, Herbert F. Arms and the Physicist: An Eye-Witness Report on a Half-Century of Nuclear-Age Drama. Woodbury, New York: AIP Press, 1995.
***———. Making Weapons,Talking Peace: A Physicist’s Odyssey from Hiroshima to Geneva. Herbert F. York. New York: Basic Books, 1987. An excellent insight into how a former weapons designer made the mental journey toward calling for disarmament.