Oegstgeest workshop Study Group on the Implementation of the CBW Conventions

On 26-27 April 2003 the Pugwash Study Group on the Implementation of the CBW Conventions held its 19th workshop, The First CWC Review Conference and Beyond, in Oegstgeest, The Netherlands.

Oegstgeest report on CBW

Rapporteur: Fiona Tregonning

Final List of Papers

  1. James Seevaratnam:The Australia Group. Its Role and Impact as a Nonproliferation Regime
    2. Jiri Matousek: Brief Information on the Report of the OPCW Scientific Advisory Board for the First CWC Review Conference
    3. Jiri Matousek: Emergent Threats to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    4. RG Sutherland: Industrial Inspections of DOC/PSF Plants and the Chemical Weapons Convention
    3B. Slides
    5. RG Sutherland: Scientific and Technological Developments, Industrial Change and the Chemical Weapons Convention
    6. Matthew Meselson/Julian Robinson: A Draft Convention to Prohibit Biological and Chemical Weapons Under International Criminal Law
    7. Richard Burgess: A Short Note on Industry Issues during Inspections
    8. Robin M. Coupland: “Calmatives” and “Incapacitants”: Questions for international humanitarian law brought by new means and methods of warfare with new effects?
    9. Mark Wheelis: “Non-Lethal” Chemical Weapons-A Faustian Bargain (in press), Issues in Science and Technology, Spring 2003, 74-78
    10. Lynn Klotz, Martin Furmanski, Mark Wheelis: Beware the Siren’s Song: Why “Non-Lethal” Incapacitating Chemical Agents are Lethal
    11. Chayes, Meselson, Smith: Proposed Guidelines on the Status of Riot Control Agents and Other Toxic Chemicals under the Chemical Weapons Convention
    12. Malcolm Dando: First CWC Review Conference Paper No. 4: The Danger to the Chemical Weapons Convention from Incapacitating Chemicals, March 2003 (Series Editors: Graham S. Pearson and Malcolm R. Dando, Dept. of Peace Studies, University of Bradford)
    13. Nicholas A Sims: Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention in Full: Some Issues of Comprehensiveness in National Penal Legislation under Article VII
    14. Peter Plant: Capability
    15. Walter Krutzsch: Non-lethal Chemicals for Law Enforcement? (Paper + Appendix)
    16. Walter Krutzsch: How to Respond to the Non-lethal Weapons’ Challenge
    17. Lisa Tabassi: National Implementing Legislation for the Chemical Weapons Convention: Status Six Years after Entry into Force (Part 1: Paper—Part 2: Annexes)
    18. Eitan Barak: Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention in the Middle East after the Saddam Era: Is There a Way Out of the Deadlock?
    19. Julian Robinson: The General Purpose Criterion and the Importance of Its Implementation
    20. Graham Pearson: First CWC Review Conference Paper No. 3: Implementation of the General Purpose Criterion of the Chemical Weapons Convention, January 2003 (Series Editors: Graham S. Pearson and Malcolm R. Dando, Dept. of Peace Studies, University of Bradford)
    21. Julian Robinson: Solving the Problem of “Law Enforcement”
    22. Wim Möller: Quo Vadis ? Weapons of Mass Destruction, Chemical in Particular
    23. OPCW Conference of State Parties: Note by the Director General to the First Review Conference (RC-1/DG.1, 17 April 2003)
    24. OPCW Conference of State Parties: Note by the Director-General. Report of the Scientific Advisory Board on Developments in Science and Technology (RC-1/DG.2, 23 April 2003)
    25. International Council of Chemical Associations: 2003 Chemical Weapons Convention Review Conference Discussion Paper (presented by Detlef Maennig)
    26. Mohammad Khodadadi: Importance of Some Articles of the CWC
    27. Jean Pascal Zanders: Peacekeeping operations, law enforcement, and the use of RCAs : Two examples


Participant List

Dr. Eitan Barak, Lecturer, The Department of International Relations, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel; Adjunct Lecturer, The Faculty of Law, Tel-Aviv University

Dr. Maurizio Barbeschi, CBW Inspector, UNMOVIC, and Director of the CBW Programme of the Landau Network-Centro Volta, Como, Italy [formerly: Senior Policy Officer, Verification Division, Policy and Review Branch, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)]

Amb. Serguei Batsanov, Director, Special Projects, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: Director for External Relations, OPCW Preparatory Commission (1993-97); Representative of the Russian Federation to the Conference on Disarmament, Geneva (1989-93)]

Mr. Peter A. Beerwerth, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Representation of Germany to the OPCW, The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: positions in the German Foreign Service as Head, Economic Department, Cairo; Desk Officer, Public Information Division, Bonn; Deputy Consul General, Detroit]

Mr. Irakli Beridze, Office of Special Projects, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands,
E-mail: Beridze@hotmail.com

Mr. Richard H. Burgess, Consultant in Trade and Treaty Compliance, Newark, Delaware, USA [formerly: Senior Counsel, DuPont Legal]

Col. (ret.) Pierre Canonne, Member, Pugwash Council ; Senior Lecturer, Disarmament and Arms Control, Univ. Marne-la-Vall?s/Paris, France [formerly: Head, Training and Staff Development Branch, OPCW; Senior Staff, Strategic Affairs Department, Ministry of Defence; Counsellor, Permanent Mission of France to the Conference on Disarmament, Geneva]

Brig. General (ret.) Chol-Ho Chong, Consultant, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: Special Adviser for CWC, Ministry of National Defence, Republic of Korea, Seoul (2002-2003); Commander of Air University, ROKAF, Seoul (2001-2002)]

Mr. Don Clagett, Verification Division, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands

Dr. Robin Coupland (UK), Medical Advisor, Legal Division, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Geneva, Switzerland [formerly : Coordinator of Surgery, Health Division, ICRC]

Dr. Brian  Davey, Head, Health and Safety, Organisation for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands

Mr. Harmen van Dijk, Policy Advisor, Nuclear Affairs and Non-Proliferation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague, The Netherlands

Dr. Trevor Findlay, Exec. Director, Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC), London, UK

Mr. Syłwin Jerzy Gizowski, Director, Secretariat for the Policy-Making Organs, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: Deputy Head of the Polish delegation to the Conference on Disarmament; Chairman of Working Group on Verification of the Ad Hoc Committee on CW; Head of the Politico-Disarmament Division of MFA; Head of the Polish delegation to the OPCW Preparatory Commission; Chairman of Working Group on Verification, Technical Cooperation and Assistance of the OPCW Preparatory Commission; Special Assistant to the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission]

Ms. Diana Gosens, Policy Advisor, National Authority of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Directorate-General for Foreign Economic Affairs, Trade Policy and International Investment Department
Trade Policy Instruments and Export Control Unit, The Hague, The Netherlands

Mr. Peter Heinrich, R&D, Bl?cher GmbH, Erkrath, Germany

Mr. Peter Kaiser, Branch Head, Media & Public Affairs, OPCW, The Hague, The Netherlands
[formerly: European Correspondent and Bureau Chief: Reuters Television, N-TV/CNN (German 24-hr news TV), CNBC Europe, European Business News/Dow Jones Broadcasting]

Dr. Alexander Kelle, Marie Curie Research Fellow, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK [formerly : Science Fellow, Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC), Stanford University, Stanford, California (2001- 2002); Research Associate, Institute of Comparative Politics and International Relations, J.W. Goethe University Frankfurt (2000-2001) ; Research Associate, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), Frankfurt/Main,Germany (1994-99)]

Mr. Ian Kenyon, Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Mountbatten Centre for International Studies, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK [formerly: Executive Secretary, Preparatory Commission for the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW PrepCom), The Hague, The Netherlands; HM Diplomatic Service]

Mr. Mohammad Khodadadi, Director, Office for International Academic Relations, School of International Relations (MFA), Tehran, Iran; Director in Ministry of Foreign Affairs [formerly: Counsellor, Deputy Representative of Iran to the OPCW, Iranian Embassy, The Hague; Deputy Director, Department of Disarmament and International Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1995-1997), Tehran; attended the Conference on Disarmament, and several sessions of the Biological Weapons Convention in Geneva and the UNDC in New York; member of the Iranian National Authority for the Chemical Weapons Convention]

Dr. Walter Krutzsch, CWC Consultant, Berlin, Germany [formerly: Member of the delegation of the German Democratic Republic to the DC; Chairman of working groups of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical Weapons; various staff positions at the CWC Preparatory Commission and the OPCW]

Dr. Matthijs Leeuw, Manager, Division Chemical & Biological Protection Institution, TNO Prins Maurits Laboratory, Rijswijk, The Netherlands

Dr. Detlef Maennig, Director, Applied Technology, Degussa AG, Hanau, Germany

Prof. Robert Mathews, Principal Research Scientist, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Australia ; Associate Professor, Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law, University of Melbourne

Prof. Jiri Matousek, Professor of Toxicology, Masaryk University Brno, Faculty of Science, Research Centre for Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Brno,Czech Republic; Member, OPCW Scientific Advisory Board [formerly: Director, Institute of Environmental Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno Universtiy of Technology; Director, Czechoslovak NBC-Defence R&D Establishment; Member, Czechoslovak Delegation to the Conference on Disarmament, Geneva]

Dr. Jan Medema, Consultant, TNO-Prins Maurits Laboratory, Rijswijk, The Netherlands

Prof. Matthew S. Meselson, Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Robert Mikulak, Director, Office of Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions, Bureau of Arms Control, US Department of State, Washington, DC, USA

Prof. Wim Mőller, Division Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands; Guest Worker, Chemistry Department, Leiden University [formerly: EMBO Adviser and Science Adviser in The Netherlands]

Prof. Graham S. Pearson, Visiting Professor of International Security, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK; Member, HSP Advisory Board [formerly: Director General and Chief Executive, Chemical and Biological Defence Establishment (CBDE), Ministry of Defence, Porton Down, Salisbury, Wilts]

Dr. Peter Plant, Independent Consultant, PJP Consultants, Midhurst, West Sussex, UK; Member, UK National Authority Advisory Committee [formerly: Insecticide Manufacturing Manager, AstraZeneca; Chair, CEFIC ad hoc Committee against Chemical Weapons]

Prof. Julian Perry Robinson, Sussex Director, Harvard-Sussex Program, Science & Technology Policy Research (SPRU), University of Sussex, Brighton, UK

Mr. Martin Rudduck, Head of UK Chemical Weapons Convention National Authority, Department of Trade & Industry, London, UK

Mr. Arya Sandeep, First Secretary, Embassy of India, The Hague, The Netherlands

Mr. Karl Ludwig Schulze, Technical Consultant, Bl?cher GmbH, Erkrath, Germany; Member of the Board of Directors, Tex-Shield Inc., USA

Mr. James Seevaratnam, Director, Chemical and Biological Controls Division, Office of Nonproliferation Controls & Treaty Compliance, US Department of Commerce, Washington, DC, USA [formerly: Technical/Policy Analyst, Office of Technology and Policy Analysis, US Department of Commerce]

Mr. Nicholas Sims, Reader in International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), University of London, London, UK [formerly: Member of UK Delegation to First Review Conference of the BWC (March 1980), Geneva]

Ms. Lisa Tabassi, Legal Officer, OPCW, The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: Senior Research Assistant, Preparatory Commission for the OPCW (1993-97); Legal Assistant, Klein Wegis, California (1989-93); Iran-US Claims Tribunal, The Hague (1983-85); Bureau of International Legal Services, The Hague (1982-83); Ghani & Tavakoli, Tehran, Iran (1979-82)]

Dr. Ralf Trapp (Germany), Secretary, Review Conference Steering Group, Office of the Deputy Director-General, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: Head, Government Relations and Political Affairs Branch, External Relations Division; Branch Head, International Cooperation and Assistance Division ; Branch Head, Policy & Review, Verification Division, OPCW]

Ms. Fiona Tregonning (New Zealand), Harvard Sussex Program Hague Researcher at the OPCW, The Hague, The Netherlands

Mr. Gordon Vachon, Head of Inspection Review Branch, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, The Netherlands [formerly: CanadianAlternate Permanent Representative to the OPCW, The Hague; Deputy Director of the Non-Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament Division and Head of Verification Research in the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade; Assistant Professor of Strategic Studies, College Militaire Royal de Saint-Jean]

Amb. Marc Vogelaar, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of The Netherlands to the OPCW, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague, The Netherlands

Mr. Dominique Beat Werner, Head, Arms Control Unit, AC Laboratorium Spiez, Spiez, Switzerland

Dr. Mark Wheelis, Senior Lecturer, Section of Microbiology, University of California, Davis, California, USA

Dr. Jean Pascal Zanders, Director, BioWeapons Prevention Project (BWPP), Geneva, Switzerland; CBW Project Leader, SIPRI, Solna, Sweden [formerly with Centrum voor Polemologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)


Pugwash Staff: Claudia Vaughn, Pugwash Conferences,