Geneva workshop of the Pugwash Study Group on the Implementation of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions

On 9-10 November 2002 the Pugwash Study Group on the  Implementation of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions held its 18th Workshop, The Resumption of the Fifth BWC Review Conference 2002 and Beyond, in Geneva, Switzerland.

Geneva report on CBW

Rapporteur: Fiona Tregonning

Discussion Papers

  1. Is there a danger of radiological warfare?, by Jozef Goldblat
  2. Return to Geneva: Uncertainties and Options, by Graham S. Pearson & Nicholas A. Sims
  3. On the Brink: Biodefense, Biotechnology, and the Future of Weapons Control, by Mark Wheelis and Malcolm Dando
  4. Follow-up after the Fifth Review Conference of the BTWC, by Roger Roffey
  5. Escaping from the Shadow of the Future over the BTWC (An agenda for the future), by Jean Pascal Zanders
  6. Strengthening the BWC : What is a realistic inter-Review Conference strategy ?, by Jez Littlewood
  7. Proposed Guidelines on the Status of Riot Control Agents and other Toxic Chemicals under the Chemical Weapons Convention, by Abram Chayes, Matthew Meselson, and R. Justin Smith
  8. Strategy for Bio-criminalization, by Barry Kellman
  9. Graham Pearson slide presentation


  1. Fact Sheet : The Biological Weapons Convention (issued by the US Department of State, Bureau of Arms Control, May 22, 2002)
  2. SIPRI Fact Sheet, November 2001: Biotechnology and the Future of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
  3. “Back to Bioweapons?”, by Mark Wheelis & Malcolm Dando, Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, January/February 2003
  4. A Draft Convention to Prohibit Biological and Chemical Weapons under International Law, by Matthew Meselson (USA) and J P Robinson (UK), from Treaty Enforcement and International Cooperation in Criminal Matters with Special Reference to the Chemical Weapons Convention, Rodrigo Yepes-Enriquez and Lisa Tabassi (eds.), The Hague, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2002
  5. “Bioterror : What Can Be Done ?”, by Matthew Meselson, in Striking Terror: America’s New War, by Philip C. Wilcox Jr. et al., Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein (eds), New York Review of Books
  6. Draft Model Convention on the Prohibition and Prevention of Biological Terrorism, prepared for the Workshop on Biological Terrorism-An International Criminal Law Approach, by Barry Kellman, April 29, 2002
  7. “Legal Aspects of the Geneva Protocol of 1925”, by R.R. Baxter and Thomas Buergenthal, American Journal of International Law, vol. 64, 1970, published by The American Society of International Law
  8. Biotechnology, Weapons and Humanity, Summary Report of an informal meeting of government and independent experts, Montreux, Switzerland, 23-24 September 2002
  9. “Preventing the Hostile Use of Biotechnology : The Way Forward Now”, The CBW Conventions Bulletin, Issue no. 57, September 2002
  10. UN Security Council Resolution 1441, adopted at Security Council Meeting 4644, 8 November 2002.
  11. Biological Weapons : Issues and Threats, P.R. Chari and Arpit Rajain, eds., Institute of Peace & Conflict Studies, New Delhi, October 2002