On 17 September 2018, a new National Group, Pugwash Brasil, was founded in Rio de Janeiro by a group of scientists and academics. Its objective is the promotion, for the benefit of the general public, of debate and expansion of knowledge about scientific, technical, economic and social issues relating to: maintenance of international peace and security; role of science and academy in society; and questions of global impact, through conferences, lectures, workshops, debates and similar activities. It is formed by scientists, academicians and other professionals, as well as by interested individuals. University students may also participate. Pugwash Brasil is inspired by the organization and objectives of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, but is independent from it. The founding members elected Professor Monica Herz and Professor Paulo Sergio Wrobel (center, with Pugwash President Sergio Duarte) respectively as its provisional President and Executive Secretary for an initial period of three years.